Generally speaking, there are 4 main skin types: normal, dry, oily, and combination. Nevertheless, each individual’s skin balance varies according to age, hygiene and lifestyle, hormonal changes, stress levels, etc. The skin’s characteristics can therefore change at different stages in life. Learn to recognise these in order to provide your skin with the most appropriate care.
- Normal skinNormal skin is comfortable and easy to manage. It is naturally supple, soft and silky to the touch. It looks matte, uniform and its pores are tight. It is properly hydrated and secretes just the right amount of water and sebum.
Nevertheless, like all skin types, it is vulnerable to certain environmental factors (heat, cold, pollution, UV, dry air, etc.) and to ageing. To maintain its balance, it is therefore important to protect it each day with a moisturising and nourishing skin care product.
- Dry skinDry skin is rough to the touch and uncomfortable. This skin type is deficient in lipids and/or water. It lacks elasticity and suppleness and feels tight, especially after washing. As it is weakened, it reacts strongly to external factors such as cold, heat, wind, grazes, etc.: it can redden easily, itch, or feel tight.
Although dry skin does not age faster than the other skin types, it does render wrinkles and fine lines more visible.
Certain skins are especially prone to dryness: fine and fair skin types, or mature skin types, as these produce less sebum and are less able to retain moisture. Nevertheless, all skin types may experience dry periods or patches.
A balanced diet high in essential fatty acids, and daily use of an emollient cleanser and a nourishing skin care product specifically formulated for dry skin will help make your skin supple and comfortable once again.
- Oily skinOily skin looks dull and shiny or even oily. Its texture is irregular; the pores are open and visible to the naked eye. These characteristics are due to excessive sebum secretion, which often results in small imperfections (comedones) or some degree of acne.
Oily skin is very common during adolescence, but can sometimes continue beyond that: some skins are naturally oily and stay that way throughout life. Because it is thick and protected by an overabundant hydrolipidic film, oily skin is more resistant to environmental stresses and the signs of ageing.
Individuals with oily skin should use purifying cleansers and moisturisers, combined with treatment by a dermatologist in the case of acne.
- Combination skinCombination skin has the same characteristics as oily skin, but only on the face’s T-zone: forehead, nose and chin. The skin on the cheeks can be normal or dry.